A concussion is type of traumatic brain injury (TBI). It is usually caused by blunt blow or violent shaking to the head that causes the brain to move back and forth rapidly. This sudden movement of the brain can cause damage of the brain cells and create chemical changes in the brain.
Concussions are very common, especially during contact sports activities. The brain is well protected inside the skull, however, a blunt head trauma may cause the brain to slide back and forth against the inner lining of skull. The brain tissue being extremely delicate may be distorted causing the signs and symptoms of concussion. It leads to alteration of brain function that is usually temporary. The duration of symptoms may vary from days to years. In the majority of cases, symptoms resolve within days.
Symptoms of concussion may include:
Some delayed and longer lasting symptoms may include
Symptoms may be subtle and often times difficult to judge in children especially young children who may not be able to communicate how they feel. In young children, the following signs may be present after a brain injury:
Potential complications of a concussion include:
It is important for anyone who has had a brain injury to be evaluated by a medical doctor. A cranial computed tomography (CT) scan is the test of choice performed in the emergency room.
It is important that the brain be allowed to rest after an injury has occurred. Sports activities should be avoided as well as any vigorous activity. Activities that would require a significant amount of focused attention should be minimized including schoolwork, video games, texting, and TV.
At Life Savers Emergency Room, we are prepared and equipped to evaluate concussions and perform the necessary emergent imaging necessary for your care. Call us on 8327795433.